plane crazy 1928 usa the first mickey mouse cartoon to be produced by walt disney productions and the third to be released. the theatrical short marks the creation of mickey mouse, minnie mouse, and clarabelle cow. a silent version was previewed on may 15, 1928 in los angeles, but it failed to pick up a distributor. after producing a second cartoon, “the gallopin’ gaucho”, which also wasn’t released until later the following year, disney produced a third cartoon, “steamboat willie”, which was released on november 18, 1928. after the success of “steamboat willie”, disney officially released “plane crazy”with sound on march 17, 1929. this leads to some ambiguity as to which is the first mickey mouse cartoon, as “plane crazy” was the first to be produced and while “steamboat willie” was the first to be released. the walt disney company considers “steamboat willie” to be the debut of mickey mouse.