dir.: alejandro gonzález iñárritu drama 2006 brad pitt / gael garcía bernal
facts: - the scene where chieko and her father are in the car together was shot without filming permission from the city due to slow japanese bureaucratic procedures. the crew created “man-made” busy traffic, and began shooting the scene. later the police started chasing them while still shooting the scene. - the color red is prominently seen in all four segments of the film. for example, yussef, wears a red jacket that says “morocco” on the back, while amelia wears an elaborate red dress, causing her to stand out; chieko frequently uses a red pen to write notes to people who can’t understand sign language, and the seats on richard and susan’s bus are red. - the shallow depth of field in chieko’s sequences is a nod to the photography of mona kuhn. most of kuhn’s photos have shallow focus, a concept used by the filmmakers to emphasize chieko’s deafness and isolation. - almost all of the film, even the driving scenes, was shot using a hand-held camera. - since each story was filmed at different times and on different continents, some of the cast members never met their counterparts until the film’s premiere.